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Dr. Philips Antony

MBBS, MS, M.Ch (Cardiothoracic Surgery)

Sr. Consultant & HOD -Cardiothoracic Surgery

Sreechand Speciality Hospital, Kannur

Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by airway inflammation and associated symptoms such as shortness of breath and wheezing. The current level of worldwide asthma control falls far short of the goals needed for long-term management.

Materials and Methods

The patients were subjected to a chest x-ray and spirometry, followed by the questionnaire developed on the basis of the GINA guidelines, which consisted of 20 questions.

Out of 75 patients aged between 18-80 years, the majority are males. Out of the 31(41%) had consulted more than one doctor and 37(49%) had no knowledge about the doctor’s qualification. Out of 34 (45%) patients that were informed about their diagnosis, only 14 patients knew they had asthma, and only 15 (20%) patients knew the disease severity. Of the total 75 patients, 45 (60%) were prescribed inhaled therapy, with only 15 (20%) patients aware of the purpose. Up to 49 (or 65%) patients revealed that they were not given any instructions for preventive measures to lessen their purpose. Out of 45 patients using inhalers, 32 (71%) were given precautions. Only 8 (11%) patients were given the plan to manage asthma in the event of a worsening condition, with early signs of worsening explained to only 24 (32%) patients. Only 22 (29%) patients were told about the measures to be taken if symptoms increased.

For asthma education programs to be effective, the guidelines must not only reach the physicians but also the patients. Patient education has become accepted as an essential component of managing asthma.

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